Special Interests: Military History Tours

If you are interested in the 2019 tour that is being planned, please click here.

After working with tour groups for 17 years, I began to see that there was more to a successful group departure than a popular leader and affinity between the members. Those were important but another factor became clear: shared interests. I probably got this idea from a great travel catalog of Special Interest tour operators that listed adventure, sports, cuisine, cooking, wine and what seemed like a kaleidoscope array of specialized interests.

To test this out in 1989, I chose my interest in wargames and admittedly it was pretty narrowly-specialized: military history and famous battlefields. I contacted the most famous wargame designer from about 1972-1982, James F. Dunnigan and not only was he willing to try it, he had just again started editing his original magazine, Strategy & Tactics. This meant that I had an advertising vehicle at favorable rates (remember this was before the internet and to communicate, he talked me into signing up for new-fangled “e-mail” via AOL. He suggested the tour name, Millennium of Mayhem since it could cover almost thousand years of military history from William the Conqueror at Hastings in 1066 to present.

Backing up a bit, I had “sold” him on the idea by speaking his language: I had made a ‘wargame’ where the object was to design a tour of battlefields and museum-filled towns rating each major battlefield by Historical Importance and What There Is To See There. The tour coach playing piece moved on the game map between battlefields utilizing certain rules about how many things one could comfortably see in a day.

The way to win the game was to design an itinerary that gained the most point ratings totals in the least amount of time. So I sent a rulebook, colored map, playing pieces (the rated objectives that you would collect on the route) and a pad of tour-design sheets… with several sheets filled in with sketch maps. I don’t know that he set up the game but his being a game designer, he could see the parameters of tour design. To date, he had never thought about taking a tour and said he really only thought of travel in terms of business trips and a resort getaway. So this may have helped him visualize how a tour was not just grey-haired people seeing ordinary tourist sites.

The master sketch map of WarTour showing various itineraries using highlight markers.

So once we had established an itinerary, I put together a 2-page black & white flier with new Desktop Publishing for the May 1990 departure. Things were going okay until the lead-up to the First Gulf War caused a general fear of foreign travel. Rather than give up, we postponed the tour until September 1990. After the public relief at the war’s end in early 1990 (with Kuwait liberated), we got to booking again. One tour member joined us from Saudi Arabia which was further east of the tour area than we were west of the UK! A fellow historian and game designer, Al Nofi, joined the tour also; he expressed interest while on the coach to leading tours himself and certainly I noted that!


While on board the motor coach we even took a day while driving along to play wargames and even design a game about the Dissolution of the Soviet Union which was gaining momentum every day that passed.

The more polished version of the game designed en route while history was being made as communism was collapsing, now entitled Saving The Soviet Union—an impossible task? Play it and see.

It was not a large group but we had proved that even a narrowly specialized tour with a well-known leader could work. As to nuts and bolts, we utilized American Express’ DSM, Destination Services Management, in London to arrange the ground operations. That company is no longer around but the staff opened a new company after American Express closed the division.

My buddy, Bob Bledsaw (left), won the Napoleon at Waterloo contest.

I went on to produce some more tours with the battlefield theme:

  1. 1990 Millennium of Mayhem, mentioned above.
  2. 1997 Tanks for the Memories where the tour members got to drive actual battle tanks in England and went to a wargame convention, Triples, in Sheffield, England.
  3. 2003 WYWAE: Wargame Your Way Across Europe was another title suggested by Dunnigan as we included a large miniature wargame table in the back of the bus—not sure one can do that now that passengers are required to wear seat belts! About the only thing that went wrong is that they printed the map (at bottom) on the tour T-Shirts sideways!
  4. In 2010 Tour of Battle with Al Nofi in France and Belgium (an itinerary map is found below this list). We covered a number of periods of military history.
  5. Then, the following year 2011’s Civil War Train had historian Al Nofi providing historical commentary about the American Civil War while all travelers slept in restored sleeper cars from the 1940s and 1950s—en route and in the train station. I figured this concept had a strong pair of interests. The nostalgia of old trains, particularly for Illinoisans and the Civil War as evidenced by the popularity of the Ken Burns documentary series were married. This was a unique opportunity to ride in old trains with fine dining and free-flowing adult beverages. The cars were pulled behind scheduled Amtrak services and the cars unhooked to park in the station “yard” from which chartered motor coaches would take us to sites. After everything was together and the flier nearly done, I realized that it was the Sesquicentennial (150th anniversary) of the start of the Civil War. (Map is the second one found below this list.) So from 2012-2015 we covered 4 more years of private train trips to Civil War sites based on the 150th anniversary of various battles.
  6. Meanwhile, another offshoot popped out of the ground. a wargamer asked me if I could arrange his Napoleonic re-enactor group’s air fare and land arrangements as they participated in four 200th anniversary demonstrations of Napoleon’s battles throughout Europe. Between hotel stays, the 21e Régiment d’Infanterie de Ligne, 3e Compagnie had a truly land tour. These guys were “under canvas” for an “intense” experience between their skirmishes with real muskets (thankfully firing blanks). For Jena, the day before travel the Dutch government made new rules requirin paper certificates for each traveler to allow their muskets to be carried in gun cases in the baggage compartment. This require fast action and forwarding on scans to each traveler spread around the USA. I will save the story about the officer’s sword for when you call.
  7. 2018 is a work in progress and called Wargamers Battlefield. The basic, planning map (with stops and features subject to change) is shown immediately below the next paragraph). For more about the tour, click here.
  8. UPDATE 2019’s tour is being planned, click here.

So 13 more custom tours grew out of this unusually specialized tour! The individuals who traveled with these groups could have done something similar on their own but they would not had the ease, savings and camaraderie of traveling with like-minded people. I would guess that for many these were very memorable experiences that they might not have dreamed they’d get to do otherwise.

A testimonial from the unit leader of the re-enactors:

“They listen to your wants and desires and follow through.  Totally professional but friendly all the way.” – Michael Mathews, Sous-Officier, 21e Régiment d’Infanterie de Ligne, 3e Compagnie

21e Régiment d’Infanterie at Austerlitz 2005. And to think that the they sleep in tents on the “battle” days!

2018 Tour


2010’s Tour of Battle featured wargames on the coach and at local clubs in Europe
2011’s Civil War Train feature a private train made up several vintage, restored cars from the 1940s and 1950s. This took painstaking tour design because Amtrak is nearly impossible to work with and always has surprises for you. Notice how the train picked up people at numerous stations along the way. The year we made the grand loop, via New Orleans, Atlanta and Washington DC, I said that each mile further from home we got, we also got one mile closer to home!
A very ambitious itinerary including two mid-tour flights (Rome-Luxembourg & Paris-London) and the t-shirt maker turned it counter clockwise so phrase at right here would read “correctly”! Our Italian wargamer host, Arturo, provided us an expert guiding of military sites, seven games to choose from and real Italian pizza
On our Tanks For The Memories tour, Nick Moran accelerated his Chieftain tank into a giant mud puddle. Mark and Mitch jumped aboard to see if he was drowning in the resulting wall of mud but after wiping the mud out of eyes, his smile remained. Later on, after serving in the army, Nick became a military expert for a computer game company and his screen name is The Chieftain.


“Was on your 2003 tour. Definitely will recommend this tour to others. Well worth whatever the cost will be. I’m 80 now and just finished a similar 14 day tour in Poland, father’s birthplace.” – Dave Nelson WYWAE tourmember (shown below at left, with John Holtz at right), riding a halftrack in Belgium

While at Poteau, Belgium we arranged for a ride in a German World War II half-track which the guys  liked. One guy was disabled and didn’t think we’d let him join the tour. I said “Why not? As long as you have someone to push your wheelchair and help you, welcome aboard.” He let me know a few years ago, that he is completely disabled now and so glad he got to go. Another tour member died the following year at a pretty young age; one should not put things off.